Morphological characteristics Honeysuckle is an evergreen-wound vine with bark off and branches empty; leaves opposite, ovate or subcordate; florescence long, with 2 to 3 months. When planting in potted areas in the Yangtze River basin, early flowers are usually in mid-April. Common varieties are red honeysuckle, white honeysuckle, honeysuckle all seasons. Red honeysuckle, corolla outside with red; white honeysuckle, white flowers bloom, after the yellow; four seasons honeysuckle, spring and summer and late flowering continuously.
Biological habits Honeysuckle hi warm and wet and sunny environment, although it is also shade-tolerant, but in the hidden environment can easily lead to plant length, thin branches, thin leaves, and not easy to flower, affecting the appearance of beautiful plants. The optimal temperature for growth is 12Â°C to 26Â°C. If the temperature is too low, the surface of the leaves may be reddish and grow slowly. This is due to the impediment of carbohydrate metabolism, resulting in the synthesis of more anthocyanins. Honeysuckle on the soil is not strict, acidic, alkaline soil can adapt to drought and moisture, but the basin can not be water.
Propagation methods Seeding, cuttings, soil layering, and propagation of ramets. The main use of cuttings and piles of soil strips, cuttings sticking method is very easy to survive. When the temperature is appropriate, cuttings can be made throughout the year, taking a section of robust stems, 10 to 15 cm long, inserted into a matrix of vermiculite:perlite:yellow sand=1:1:1, with a cutting depth of the length of the cutting. 1/2, after the cuttings are filled with water, keep the soil moist, spray the sprays 1 to 2 times a day, morning and evening, to maintain the air humidity, which will help the wounds heal. After 20 days, they can take root. Piles of soil beading, cutting the base of the shoot before cutting the skin, and then up the pile of culture soil 20 to 30 cm, often keep the culture soil moist. After the rooting is done on the plane, cut off from the mother plant and cultivate separately.
1. Cultivation Medium: Although honeysuckle has strict requirements on soil, the plants will grow better with 60%-70% peat, 20%-30% vermiculite and 10% perlite mixed as culture soil.
2. Water and Fertilizer Management: During the month before flowering, fertilization with phosphorus and potassium is applied 1 or 2 times. After the flower fades in late May, the thin fertilizer should still be applied one or two times and the new shoots should be properly picked to promote the germination of the second batch of flower buds. At the same time, the soil remains moist and avoid overdrying, otherwise the base leaves will easily fall off and affect flowering. In the hot season, avoid direct sunlight so as not to burn young leaves.
3. Pruning: Pruning is performed during the dormancy period to remove delicate slender branches, weak branches, and crossing branches, and to shorten the branches of the year in order to facilitate the initiation of new branches and flowering in the second year.
4. Pest control: Honeysuckle has relatively few pests and diseases. Occasionally, aphids invade and damage new leaves and shoots, causing the leaves to turn over and affecting growth. It is only necessary to use the "Populus" 1000 times liquid or other insecticides to control.
Honeysuckle not only has high ornamental value, but also has high economic value. It often uses honey plants and medicinal plants. Its flowers, stems, and leaves have strong resistance to a variety of germs and influenza viruses.
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