Buckwheat is made from wholegrass or roots and is mainly produced in Hebei, Sichuan and Other provinces.
Growth habits like the warm and moist environment, hi light, cold resistance, fear of embarrassment.
Cultivation Techniques Site preparation: buckwheat does not require strict soil requirements. Generally, soil can be planted. However, it is preferable to use loose, fertile, well-drained sandy loam. Before sowing, apply 1500-2500 kilograms of fertilizer per acre, 15-20 kilograms of superphosphate, and 50 kilograms of plant ash. Deep plowing 25 centimeters after planting, fine leveling, width 1.2 meters, height 15 centimeters, or 45 to 60 centimeters wide ridge. Breeding methods: The main breeding seed can also be used to reproduce. Seed breeding was carried out in mid-to-late April. Shallow trenches were drilled. The distance between the grooves was 15-20 cm, and the depth of the ditch was 1.5-3 cm. The seeds were uniformly sowed in the ditch, covered 0.6-0.9 cm thick soil, and slightly suppressed. Mu sowing volume of 1 to 1.5 kg. Breeding of the ramets was carried out in mid-April. The roots were dug out and divided into 5-6 pods. When the cultivars were planted with the leaves, they were planted with 6 cm deep ditch, 24-24 cm ditch, and a ditch every 10 cm. After planting, cover 6 cm thick soil, compact the soil around the roots and pour the root water.
In the field management, when the height of seedlings is 6 to 10 centimeters, shallow cultivators can be used, and after each watering or fertilization, cultivators and weeders can be used. This can be carried out 3 to 4 times a year, and field grasses can be removed at any time for a long time. After each harvest, topdressing 1500-2000 kg of fertiliser per acre, 5-10 kg of ammonium sulfate, combined with watering loose soil, the fertilizer will be evenly thrown into the soil. Too much or too little soil moisture has an effect on the growth of buckwheat. After sowing, it should be often watered to keep the surface moist and ensure seedling emergence. After emergence, water should be promptly watered in case of drought; in the rainy season, field water should be excluded in time to prevent rot.
Perilla is distributed all over the country, and there is wildness along the village or roadside.
The growth habits of Perilla are highly adaptable, but they thrive in a warm and humid environment and produce high yields. Seeds generally germinate 4 days after sowing. The growth requires a higher temperature. The early growth is slow. After June, the temperature is high, the light is strong, the rain is sufficient, and the growth is vigorous.
Cultivation and technology selection of land preparation: Choose sunny, loose and fertile, well-drained sandy land cultivation. Before sowing, apply fertilizer 3000-4000 kg per acre. After planting, plowing 25 centimeters deep, smooth the leveling, making a 1.2 meter wide, 15 centimeters high, or a 60 centimeter wide ridge. Breeding methods: seed propagation, live broadcast and seedling transplanting are all available. In the mid-to-late April, sowing or hole sowing, drilling in the shallow ditch of 40 to 50 cm spacing 0.5 to 1 cm, covering the thin soil after sowing and a little suppression, favorable seedling, sowing rate of 0.75 to 1 kg per acre; hole sowing by strain Row spacing 30 cm 50 cm open hole, covered with thin soil after sowing, broadcast 150 to 300 grams per acre. In the absence of drought, cold regions or seeds, they can be transplanted after nursery. Before sowing, the seedlings shall be irrigated first. After the water is soaked, spread the seed evenly on the surface of the bed, cover 0.5 cm thick fine soil, and cover the grass and the film to keep it moist and moist. After the top soil of the seedlings is removed, the grass and the film are removed. When the seedling height is 10 to 15 centimeters, it is selected to be transplanted on cloudy days or in the evening. On the rafts, a 15 cm deep ditch is formed at a spacing of 50 cm. The seedlings are arranged in the ditch at a spacing of 30 cm, and then soiled and watered. When the drought is poured, 2 or 3 times of water are used to survive.
Field management of weeding and weeding: Plants must be intensively tilled and weeded before they are ridged, especially if live weeds are prone to weed growth. Water or soil after the rain is easy to build, should be cultivated in time, but not too deep to prevent injury. It is also possible to combine cultivating with fertilization and soil cultivation. Seedlings, Dingmiao, Miao Miao: Drilling should be in the seedling height of 5 cm when the spacing between 10-15 cm from the seedlings; in the seedling height of 15 cm when the spacing of 30 cm from the seedlings. Cave seedlings were planted with 2 to 3 plants per hole, and at the last minute, 1 plant per hole was reserved. If lack of seedlings should be timely replanted. When transplanting seedlings, they should be planted in time if they die after 7 days of transplanting. Top dressing: If the soil is thin or if no base fertilizer is applied, a fertilizer can be applied every 14 days after emergence, and the top dressing should be used for the last time. Drainage and irrigation: Perilla is required to have more water in the seedlings and flowering period. It should be watered in time in case of drought, and water should be excluded from the field during the rainy season to avoid the death of rot.
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