The construction of the shed:
The structural principle of the dormitories is as long as there is an outer room for food and an inner room for sleeping and breeding. The bamboo rat is a mammal living under the ground. The underground temperature is constant throughout the year, so its interior design should be cool in winter and cool in summer. The specific construction is suitable for the place. The size of the interior room is 40cm in length. Width 35cm high 40cm, the size of the outer chamber, length 60cm wide 50cm high 80cm. The overall structure can be adjusted according to the size of the place. Generally, the wall is cut with a harder brick, and the inner and outer walls are filled with clay for insulation. The whole wall is leveled with cement to prevent it from escaping through the wall. The passages inside and outside the room should not be too large. The bamboo rat can pass smoothly. The hole is too large to dissipate the temperature of the inner room. The inner room needs to be covered with 0.5cm thick glass, which plays a role of heat preservation and convenient viewing. It was also necessary to build a net made of 0.6 steel to prevent it from destroying the glass to escape. The outer room requires a wooden screen to be used as a screen window, covered in summer and autumn to prevent mosquito bites. Rats housed in pups are relatively simple to construct, and they are also inside and outside the two rooms, as far as possible in a relatively cool place.
Rat species selection:
You can buy domesticated rodents, or you can pick them up on the mountain, or purchase them on the market, and choose according to your own economic conditions. Take care not to damage it when you dig it yourself. Bamboo rats that you buy in the market generally have some injuries. You should pay more attention when you buy them, so as to avoid death after buying them, or you can't plant them and cause losses. Whether it is wild rats or domestic bamboo Rats, as long as the appearance of hair looks bright, majestic and lovely without injury, at least 1 jin or more on the line.
Differentiation of sex: Some male mice are easily identified by their sex. There are obviously two testicles, but some are not so obvious because some mothers also have two protrusions. If the difference is not clear, you can lift it up and look upside down. In general, the mother's nipple is larger than that of the male. The genital hole of the male rat is 2 centimeters away from the anus, and the mother's departure is only 0.5 centimeters. The same is true for the pups.
Wild bamboo rats like to eat the roots of Miscanthus, bamboo underground stems, bamboo, bamboo shoots, also eat some of the seeds and fruits of other plants, when food is lacking, they also eat the roots of trees, such as fir trees, even the bodies of animals, and bones. thing. Artificially cultivated bamboo rat, it eats the feed is very simple, that is, the rice blisters soft, mixed with rice bran, it loves to eat Mang's rhizomes, the mountains are everywhere, sweet potatoes, corn, sugar cane, etc. It also likes. The bamboo rat does not need to drink water. The water in the food is enough.
Feeding and Management:
After digging in the mountains or buying bamboo rats, they must be put in a single house to prevent mutual biting. Start feeding only a little of the main ingredients, to put the roots of awns into the main, 3-5 days after the gradual replacement of rice bran with rice, appropriate to put some green material. In the first few days, it generally does not eat much food. This is normal. It will be just a few days. 4-6 pm every day is the best time for feeding. The bamboo rat should clean up the waste pellets and rubbish cleanly, and then put it into the feed of each adult mouse 1 small bowl. Hours soak the rice until it is soft, then mix well with the rice bran, the ratio is 1:1.5 or 2, the mixed material can not be too dry, it can not be too wet, can be like a hand to clump together) Miscanthus roots, etc. Green material, free to put. When feeding on the next day, look at the feeding conditions of each rodent bamboo rat and add or subtract feed to avoid wastage. If the food in one of the nests is not finished, you can open the glass and check to see if the bamboo rat is sick or not. In winter and spring season, because the rat's nest is relatively moist, attention should be paid to changing straw and keeping it from getting cold and sick. Especially during the growth period of bamboo rat, it should be ensured that there is enough rat nest.
Mating and reproduction:
Whether it is wild mice or domesticated bamboo rats, we must choose more than 3 pounds of mother rats is better, the body is healthy and strong, the standard is to mention the rat tail, to see if the lower abdomen is rounded, the nipple is large enough, if dry Axillary depression is not available, nutrition should be strengthened, and the breeding should be completed. After the mother rat is selected, the male rat is selected, and the male rat is generally smaller than the female rat. The male rats that are born are generally sexually mature for 8 months, and the body weight is generally 2-3 catties, and the wild rats are 1.5-2 catties. The main point of cultivation of male rats is that they cannot feed too much feed. If they are fed with too much fat, they are not suitable for breeding rats, except for commodity rats. The requirement is that the hair is bright, majestic, and the testicles are large, as long as it is not a close relative and the male and female rats do not mutually repel and bite. Sometimes a female mouse rejects a male rat. You can put a female rat in a male nest, and you may not reject it. When mating, the male and female rats both emit a â€œwhistlingâ€ sound from their noses and gently bite each otherâ€™s hair with their teeth to show their relatives. This means that they accept each other. When mating, you have to watch for a while. If you fight with each other, you should separate them in time to avoid injury. The injured male and female rats should be mated for a while, so it is important to observe for a while. Normal morning mating, afternoon viewing, evening mating tomorrow morning to check, determine the mating, can be immediately separated, but also allow them to continue to get along, 3-5 days after mating a good mother will naturally expel the male rat, when you just separate That's it. Male rats must be mated with other females for a minimum of 5 days after mating and cannot be mated continuously. The best growth period of the bamboo rat is from the September of the lunar calendar to May of the lunar year. It can also reproduce in the summer. Because the temperature is relatively hot, the quality of young rats born is poor and generally not recommended.
Pregnancy and feeding management:
After the maternal is mated, it should be reared separately and the mating time recorded to prepare the maternity period. From the mating day of Zhuzhu during pregnancy, 45-60 days will be given. If there is no particular change in the climate, it will generally be produced within 45-50 days. During pregnancy, nutrition should be enhanced. There is no dedicated Zhuzhu feed on the market, and pigs with high protein content are available. For feed (containing fish and bone meal), add 3-5 grams daily to stir in the food, and put in green feed such as ramson roots. After 45 days of eating, you should check the food intake and the amount of hay in the nest. After the general female gives birth, you can hear the call of the young rat and put fresh dry straw in time. After giving birth, the mother usually does not eat food within 2-3 days. You only need to look at the amount of feed and feed the feed. As the baby grows up day by day, the mother needs more nutrients and you need to add more feed. Add a straw about 3 days, you can see through the glass, if there is a lot of straw inside, you do not need to add, but be sure to have enough dry straw in the nest. After one month, the pups will slowly climb out. The suckling period of the pups is one and a half months to two months. You can view the indoor conditions through the glass 30 days ago, but you are prohibited to open the glass to watch or touch. Pups, feeding normally can not be too alarmed mothers, or mothers are frightened, or because you touch the pups leave a special smell, can cause the mother abandoned rats, or eat young.
Female pups management:
After 50-60 days of pups, the mother and child should be separated. Some mother rats have lost weight because of poor health. After 45 days of breast-feeding, they are very thin. At this time, the young rats should be separated to prevent the mother from being overly thin because of poor nutrition, and the recovery period is too long. Conducive to the next breeding. It is generally not advisable to separate the mother and her child for less than 45 days, because a short lactation period is detrimental to the growth of young rats. After the mother and child are separated, there should be a record to prepare them for identification and find their original relationship. After nursing, the mother and mother can not be polycultured, or fed alone. The nutrition enhancement is that, after 1-2 months, watching the body's condition can breed the next baby. Three to five pups of the pups can be placed in one nest, and two pups of the same size as those born to other pups (pointing out that the time of birth are similar) can be put together and marked, often viewing their growth. It is best to always put some green stuff during feeding. When the young rats grow up to about a kilogram, they should change some large rat houses in time. When 1.5-2 kilograms are used, the male and female rats should be separated, the mother and the female, the male and the female. , generally 3-5 for a group, mixed with other mother mice born and raised, good marks for identification, polyculture, as long as they can not fight each other. The male species should be reared separately after sexual maturity, and a small number can also be 2-3 polycultures. After sexual maturation, females have to split their nests individually to allow them to adapt to the environment. They are suitable for enhancing nutrition alone and prepare for mating and breeding.
Bamboo rat survival rate:
Whether or not the management is properly affected directly affects the survival rate of the bamboo rat. In adult males and females, the mortality rate is very low. After infants have been weaned, their mortality should be between 3% and 4% due to congenital deficiency, illness, fighting, and food indiscriminately. Hot, 1 to 1.5 pounds of bamboo rats, because the maternal rats are not strong enough to mate and breed, so that young rats are not enough resistance, and management errors, will also cause 1% -2% of the loss.
Disease prevention and treatment: The bamboo rat is a mammal with strong resistance to disease. If it is not an artificial factor, it will not be sick. Even if it is due to improper diet and management, and other reasons, it will be timely. Treatment does not matter. Here are some common diseases, prevention methods, briefly talk about.
1. Long teeth, wrong teeth: Bamboo Rat is a rodent animal, its teeth need to constantly bite food, in order to keep the growing teeth of a certain length. Because the artificially-fed feed is relatively fine, it can only be used to bite the floor and wall to grind the teeth. Some of them will grind unevenly, making the teeth too long or split, and the young rats will grow crooked teeth because of congenital malformations. This must pay attention to inspections at ordinary times to prevent the teeth from growing or being too long and affect the rats to eat. These can be trimmed with special pliers. (Method; with the left hand to grasp the bamboo rat's neck fur, the right hand with pliers to cut off from the lip 0.3 cm). About 20 days review, if not flattened.
2, diarrhea, pull the food: feeding the food is not clean, (referring to moldy food corruption) can make bamboo rats have diarrhea, the symptoms are dilute feces can not be granular, some odor. Note that if the food is fresh and clean, you will not be sick. You can separate it and feed it with oxytetracycline and anti-inflammatory and antibacterial drugs. Healing method; can use a small bowl to open the medicine, into the rat nest, it will eat on their own, because the sick bamboo rat favorite to drink water. Can also be opened after mixing food feeding, 3 days or so will be good. Pulling, the symptom is a light yellow transparent jelly on the surface of fecal pellets. In severe cases, it is a red-yellow jelly with bad smell. It is also caused by unclean food. The methods of prevention are the same as above.
3, typhoid fever: is due to alternating cold and hot, bamboo rats suffering from cold lung inflammation, mostly bacterial infections, the onset, the light only out of the nostrils out of the light liquid, not how to eat food. In severe cases, the eyelids in his eyes increase and heavier wheezing sounds. At this time, if he does not deal with it in time, he will die within 10-15 days and the mortality rate is high. Can be used penicillin, and antibiotic feeding, because the rat skin is thick and its ferocity is not suitable for injection. This disease is rare. When the weather changes drastically, pay attention to adding hay to the rat's nest. Do not allow the nest to become too moist. The symptoms should be isolated in time.
4, long sore: sometimes Zhuni body parts of the body will grow a tumor, it will mature after its own fester, which is a pus-like green jelly, the cause is due to thermal silt caused by resistance. The sore bamboo rat does not eat well, and some rats, like normal rats, feed on the feed. This kind of symptom generally does not need to be specially dealt with, will recover by oneself after some time.
5. Trauma: Due to mating, polyculture, or other reasons, bamboo rats fight with each other and cause damage. You can use the rouge powder on the wound, and you will end up with scars in one day. It will be good to isolate and feed for a while.
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